In addition to the on-campus class section, this course is offered regularly via the Internet. For information on registering for the online section (EEE 591), see the Fulton GOEE Engineering Online.

This course is designed to provide students with an understanding of the multidisciplinary applications of nuclear concepts in the engineering profession. The first third of the semester solidifies fundamental concepts related to the practical use of atomic and nuclear physics including particles, reactions, and radioactivity. With knowledge of the radiation physics, we study nuclear interations, fission and nuclear radiation. Finally, the semester concludes by applying the nuclear concepts to the generation of (electrical) power via both fission and radioactive decay processes.

Radioactivity and decay. Radiation interactions and dose. Nuclear reaction, fission and fusion theory. Fission reactors, four factor formula, moderation. Nuclear power, TMI, Chernobyl. Nuclear fuel cycle. Prerequisites: CHM 114 (or 116) [chemistry]; MAT 274 (or 275) [differential equations]; PHY 241 (or 361) [modern physics].

*Course Objective*: Provide students with an understanding of the multidisciplinary applications of nuclear concepts in the engineering profession.

- Students will have usable knowledge of the physics behind nuclear concepts;
- Students will understand the effects and uses of radiation;
- Students will understand the principles of power generation via nuclear processes.

**Syllabus**: EEE 460 Syllabus (2 page document) given out the first day of class.

**Lecture Slides**are located at the My ASUcourses (Blackboard) website.

**Textbook**: R. L. Murray and K. E. Holbert, Nuclear Energy: An Introduction to the Concepts, Systems, and Applications of Nuclear Processes, 7th ed., Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, 2014.

**Corrections**(errata)- Page 11, line 1, typo: "1/2mv
_{0}^{2}" should be "1/2m_{0}v^{2}" like in Exercise 1.7. - Page 28, line 5, typo: "1789.8" should be "1786.8" like the other values in Example 2.7.
- Page 57, first equation in Example 4.4: the units on the microscopic cross section should simply be "cm
^{2}" (no minus sign). - Page 82, just below Eq. (5.13): the half-thickness relation should be "ln(2)/µ".
- Page 103, last full line before Example 7.2: change σ
_{DD}to σ_{DT}; - Page 162, in Example 11.7: the mass attenuation coefficient (µ/ρ) would have been better as 0.07102 cm
^{2}/g per Tables 11.2 and A.6 (rather than 0.0684 cm^{2}/g which is from NUREG/CR-5740). Using ρ = 11.35 g/cm^{3}, this would change several subsequent values in the example, including µ = 0.806 cm^{-1}, φ_{u}= 9.30 cm^{-2}·s^{-1}, and φ = 28.3 cm^{-2}·s^{-1}. - Page 179, in Example 12.1: the 85.1% gamma value has two digits transposed in computing S specifically, 0.815 should be 0.851 γ/decay, resulting in S = 3.15×10
^{4}γ/s, which means that φ = 5.6×10^{–4}γ/(cm^{2}·s) and R = 0.0057 counts/s (no change to ε_{g}). - Page 186, first line of Example 12.6: change "Figure 12.6(A)" to "Figure 12.6(B)".
- Page 233, bottom line: change "Ni-58, 26; Ni-59, 1; Ni-60, 10" to "Ni-58, 26 b; Ni-60, 1 b; Ni-62, 10 b".
- Page 251, line after equation in Example 15.5: delete ", P = 6.57", thta is, it should simply read "F = 6.57 kg/day".
- Page 311, last line in Example 18.8: delete comma between ‘3’ and ‘D’, that is, it should read “H =3D = 9.6 m”.
- Page 342, in the denominator of the third term of the first equation, the superscript on R should be F rather than X.
- Page 345, in Eq. (20.20): there should be a "1/n" before the summation to compute the average.
- Page 385, in Eq. (22.2): the left side should be "m/m
_{0}". - Page 387, just above Eq. (22.4): the specific power should be 0.557 W/g (rather than 0.57 W/g).
- Page 392, in Exercise 22.1(a): the specific power should be 0.557 W/g (rather than 0.57 W/g).
- Page 405, line 10: change "absorption on porous media" to "adsorption on porous media".
- Page 406, line before Example 23.7: change "as discussed in the next chapter" to "as discussed in Section 25.6".
- Page 448, 7th line from the bottom: change "but one worker died" to "but two workers died".
- Page 461, line before Eq. (25.3): change "fission rate in U-235" to "absorption rate in U-235".
- Page 468, line 3: change "Two neutron absorptions in U-233 yield" to "The
^{232}Th(n,2n) reaction yields". - Page 509, line 4: change "200 tonnes" to "2000 tonnes".
- Page 529, the solutions to Exercises 22.7 and 22.8(a) should be 0.055 and 92,800 Ci, respectively.

**Homework Assignments**- The homework assignments and solutions are located at the My ASUcourses (Blackboard) website.

**Flash Animations**- Mass Defect (Binding Energy)
- Radioactive Decay
- Radon and U-238 Decay
- Fission
- Fusion
- Gamma Interactions
- Boiling Water Reactor (BWR)
- Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR)
- Radiation Effects and Damage
- Spacecraft Charging

**Other Optional Handouts**

Class Mtg | Lecture Topic | Handouts and Other References |
---|---|---|

1 | Introduction; Energy (1.1–1.7) | Relativity relations and Electromagnetic Spectrum diagram. |

2 | Atomic Number Density (2.1–2.2) | Atomic Number Density relations. |

3 | Atoms and Nuclei; Binding Energy (2.3–2.8) | Also see Mass Defect FLASH animation. |

4 | Nuclear Stability; Radioactive Decay (3.1–3.2) | Radioactive Decay FLASH animation. |

5 | Decay Quantities; Simple Decay (3.3) | Radioactive Decay derivations for simple, compound and complex decay. |

6 | Transmutation; Compound Decay; Radioactive Chains (3.4–3.6) | Transmutation equation derivations for buildup and decay; also see Radon and U-238 Decay FLASH animation. |

7 | Nuclear Reactions and Energetics (4.1–4.2) | |

8 | Binary Reactions; Neutron Cross Sections (4.3, 4.6) | |

9 | Neutron Flux; Reaction Rates (4.4) | |

10 | Particle Attenuation; Neutron Migration (4.5, 4.7–4.8) | |

11 | Charged Particle Interactions (5.1–5.3) | Charged Particle Ionization and Range. Graph of the Aluminum Shielding of Electrons and Protons [1]. |

12 | Neutral Particle Interactions (5.4–5.7) | Graphs of Silicon and GaAs mass attenuation and energy-absorption coefficients [2]. Graph of Silicon Interaction Coefficients [3]. Also see Gamma Interactions FLASH animation. |

13 | Fission (6.1–6.5) | Fission and
Fusion FLASH animations. |

14 | Nuclear History (8.1–8.8) | Einstein's Aug 2, 1939 letter to President Roosevelt from the American Institute of Physics |

15 | Review for Midterm Exam | |

16 | *** Midterm Exam *** | |

17 | Biological Effects of Radiation (10.1–10.6) | Radiation Units. Diagram of Radiation Exposure Pathways. |

18 | Radiation Protection (11.1–11.3) | Health Physics |

19 | Criticality; Multiplication Factors (16.1–16.3) | |

20 | Four Factor Formula (16.4–16.8) | Four Factor Formula summarized. |

21 | Light Water Reactors (18.1–18.2, 18.4); Thermal Efficiency (17.4) | Power Generation; and Water Properties including steam tables. Diagrams of PWR [4], BWR [4], and Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station (PVNGS). Also see Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) and Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) FLASH animations. |

22 | Economics; Other Power Reactors (18.4, 18.5–18.9) | |

23 | Reactor Kinetics; Reactivity Feedback (20.1–20.3) | |

24 | Reactor Control; Fuel Burnup (20.4–20.7) | |

25 | Reactor Safety; PRA (21.1–21.5) | |

26 | TMI-2; Chernobyl; Fukushima (21.6–21.12) | Chernobyl (RBMK) Reactor Design diagram [5] |

27 | Nuclear Propulsion; Remote Power (22.1–22.5) | |

28 | Nuclear Fuel Cycle (23.1–23.5) | |

29 | Waste Disposal (23.6–23.10) | |

30 | Review for Final Exam | |

31 | *** Final Exam *** |

- E. J. Daly, A. Hilgers, G. Drolshagen, and H. D. R. Evans, "SpaceEnvironment Analysis: Experience and Trends," ESA 1996 Symposium on Environment Modelling for Space-based Applications, Sept. 18-20, 1996, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
- J. H. Hubbell and S. M. Seltzer, "Tables of X-Ray Mass Attenuation Coefficients and Mass Energy-Absorption Coefficients," NISTIR 5632, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD.
- Paul Kehler, Applied Nuclear Science Data, collected by AIC Software, Inc.
- Tennessee Valley Authority.
- Source Book on Soviet-Designed Nuclear Power Plants, 4th Ed., Nuclear Energy Institute, Washington, DC, 1996.

Nuclear Topics Table of Contents and Quick Jump |
|||
---|---|---|---|

Anti-Nuclear | Basic Nuclear Data | Fuel Cycle | Fusion |

Health Physics | History | Legal/Regulatory | Natural (Background) Radiation |

Nuclear Power | Organizations | Other Links | Radioactive Waste |

Safety | Space Related | Standards | State of Arizona |

Uses of Nuclear "Energy" | Weapons |

*Last updated: June 15, 2015*

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